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Ten Random Breeds.

Newfoundland

A large working breed, the Newfoundland originated in Newfoundland, which is now part of Canada. The breed has a thick double coat that can be black, brown, white and black, or grey in colour. However, in Canada, the only correct colours for the breed are black (with or without white markings) and white and black (Landseer). Highly loyal, with a calm and docile nature and strength, the Newfoundland is known as the "gentle giant". Wonderfully good with children, the breed is well suited for therapy work. Good with other animals, the size of the breed can create problems if they are not trained. With an average lifespan of 8-10 years, the Newfoundland has many health problems, including hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, cystinuria, and subvalvular aortic stenosis.

Dogo Cubano

Now extinct, the Dogo Cubano originated in Cuba for use in dog fighting. The breed was also used as slave retrievers in the southern states. Described as a rusty wolf colour, the Dogo Cubano was between a Bulldog and a Mastiff in size.

Basenji

Originating in Africa, the Basenji is a breed of hunting dog, placed in the Hound group as a sighthound type. Aloof with strangers, the Basenji is alert, energetic and curious. With a high prey drive, Basenjis may not get along with non-canine pets. Extremely intelligent, the Basenji does not react well to punishment of any kind. Basenjis are a small breed of dog with erect ears, a tightly curled tail and a wrinkled forehead. Weighing 20-24lbs, the Basenji stands 16-18" at the shoulder. The Basenji comes in many colours, including red, black, tricolour, brindle and a mix of tricolour/brindle called trindle, a rare combination. All dogs of this breed have white feet, a white chest and a white tail tip. The Basenji has an average lifespan of 13 1/2 years, which is a year or two longer than other breeds of similar size. Basenjis can have a variety of health issues, including progressive retinal atrophy, kidney failure, hypothyroidism, immunoproliferative systemic intestinal disease, sensitivities to environmental and household cleaners leading to liver problems and hemolytic anemia. [img]http://thumbs.dreamstime.com/x/basenji-dog-10848488.jpg[/img]

Blue Paul Terrier

While nobody knows the origin of the Blue Paul Terrier, this extinct breed of dog is thought to have come from Scotland, England or Wales. The breed stood no more than 50cm at the shoulders, and weighed on average 15kg.

Jack Russell Terrier

A small breed of dog used for fox hunting, the Jack Russell Terrier originated in England. With a smooth or rough coat, the breed is predominantly white with black and/or tan markings. First and foremost working dogs, the Jack Russell Terrier will become moody or destructive if not properly exercised and left alone to entertain themselves. If not properly socialized, the breed can be aggressive to people or other animals. They have a tremendous amount of energy for their size, and are not suggested for apartment life. The breed does well in obedience, agility and flyball. Friendly towards children, they will not tolerate abuse. With an average lifespan of 13-16 years, the breed is prone to cataracts, ectopia lentis, congenital deafness, ataxia, patellar luxation and von Willebrand disease.

Cordoba Fighting Dog

Now extinct, the Cordoba Fighting Dog originated in Argentina. It was a mix of Mastiff, Bull Terrier, English Bulldog and Boxer. As a fighting dog, the Cordoba Fighting Dog was so aggressive to other dogs, the males and females would rather fight than mate.

Scottish Deerhound

A large breed of sighthound breed to hunt Red Deer, the Scottish Deerhound originated in Scotland. The breed has a harsh, wiry coat that is various shades of grey in colour. Gentle and friendly, the Scottish Deerhound is great around company and children. The breed does not need a large house to live in, although it should have free access to a fenced in area to run around. The average adult Scottish Deerhound prefers to spend the day sleeping on the couch or stretched out on the floor. With an average lifespan of 8-9 years, the Scottish Deerhound is prone to cardiomyopathy, osteosarcoma, bloat, and cystinuria.

Treeing Tennessee Brindle

A breed of cur, the Treeing Tennessee Brindle originated in the United States of America. The breed has a short and soft coat that is brindle or black with brindle trim in colour. The Treeing Tennessee Brindle has a strong propensity for hunting, particularly treeing, and is not suggested to be kept as a companion animal.

Sakhalin Husky

A breed used as a sled dog, the Sakhalin Husky originated in Japan. The breed has a thick coat that can come in many colours, most commonly, although not limited to, russet-red and black. Rarely used now, there are only few breeders of the breed, all residing in Japan.

Shiba Inu

A small dog bred for hunting, the Shiba Inu is one of six spitz breeds originating in Japan. The breed has a short double coat that is red, black and tan, sesame with cream, buff, or grey in colour. An independent breed that may show dog aggression, the Shiba Inu has high prey drive, doing best in a home without small dogs or young children. The breed interacts fairly well with cats. With an average lifespan of 12-15 years, the Shiba Inu is prone to allergies, cataracts, glaucoma, entropion, hip dysplasia, and luxating patellas.

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Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog

Developed in Australia to herd cattle, the Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog is a medium-sized bobtailed breed. When there is a tail, it is short (no longer than 4") and should never be docked. Needing consistent training and socialization, the Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog should be alert and watchful, while responsive to it's trainer and reserved around strangers. The Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog has a medium or short, straight coat that is either speckled red or speckled blue. Standing 18-20" at the shoulders, females of the breed should be on the smaller side. 

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Anglo-Francais de Petite Venerie

A medium-sized scenthound, the Anglo-Francais de Petite Venerie originated in France. Active hunting dogs that are normally kept in packs in rural areas, the Anglo-Francais de Petite Venerie may not be suitable for city or family living. The breed has a short, dense smooth coat that is white/black/bright tan, white/black/pale tan, or white and orange in colour. The Anglo-Francais de Petite Venerie has no documented health problems, although with drop ears may be prone to ear infections.

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Basset Fauve de Bretagne

Originating in Brittany, the Basset Fauve de Bretagne is a short legged hunting scenthound. A smallish, wire-coated red-wheaten or fawn hound, the Basset Fauve de Bretagne weighs 36-40lbs, standing 13-15" at the shoulder. Not much is known about the health status of the Basset Fauve de Bretagne, and which, if any, common health problems affect it. Based on a small study, it is thought the average life expectancy is 10-14 years, which is typical although a little low for breeds of it's size. The most common health issues noted were reproductive, cataracts, corneal ulcers, cancer, heart failure and kidney failure. 

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Working Group
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Anatolian Shepherd Dog

Originating in central Turkey, the Anatolian Shepherd Dog is rugged, large and very strong breed. Responsible for guarding flocks without human interference, the Anatolian Shepherd Dog is independent and forceful, not making a good pet unless the owner is willing to put in a lot of work and socialization. Anatolian Shepherd Dogs have been used to protect livestock that was being killed by cheetahs, as the dogs were enough of a threat for the cheetahs to leave the livestock alone and go back to their wild prey. With a broad head, thick neck and sturdy body, the Anatolian Shepherd Dog weighs 90-150lbs, and stands 27-30" at the shoulder. They can come in any colour, with white cream and "sesame" with large white patches being the most common. The breed has a very thick, double coat, leading to excessive shedding and the need to be brushed at least two times a week during warm weather. On average, the breed lives for 11 years, which is 1-2 years longer than other breeds of it's size. Common health issues include dermatologic, musculoskeletal and limpomas. The leading causes of death were cancer and cardiac, or a combination thereof. 

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Alaskan Malamute

Originally bred for hauling heavy freight, later for sleds, the Alaskan Malamute is a large breed. Malamutes are a strongly independent breed with a strong prey drive, while being very fond of people, making them poor watch dogs. Alaskan Malamutes have a thick, double coat that can be various shades of grey and white, black and white, red and white, seal and white, sable and white or solid white, with a wide range of markings including blazes, collar/half collar and face markings. The Alaskan Malamute weighs 75-100lbs, standing 23-25" at the shoulder. Studies have shown that the malamutes have a much longer lifespan that other breeds of their size, living up to 15 years. Health issues common in the breed include hip dysplasia, cataracts, epilepsy, congenital heart problems, kidney problems and skin problems. Cancer shows as the main cause of death in the breed.

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